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The Focus Student Editions Are Designed For Spanish Language Courses In Literature And Culture Prepared With Non Native Spanish Speakers In Mind, These Editions Include An Introduction In Spanish , The Complete Work, And Linguistic And Cultural Notes In Spanish, A Current Bibliography And Study QuestionsThis Focus Student Edition Is A Spanish Drama Of Women In The Villages Of Spain The Play Centers On The Events Of A House In Andalusia During A Period Of Mourning, In Which Bernarda Alba Wields Total Control Over Her Five Daughters Read for college This is the second play I ve read by Lorca and I enjoyed it even than Yerma, his other play I ve read La casa de Bernarda Alba offers an insight into what society in the 20th century in Spain was like, especially for women We can especially see the oppression they went through imposed both by society itself and also by their mothers This is an aspect I usually appreciate in books they can be the best way of understanding and studying the past, which is crucial for humans to learn how to better in the present. La casa de Bernarda Alba The House of Bernarda Alba, Federico Garc a Lorca The House of Bernarda Alba Spanish La casa de Bernarda Alba is a play by the Spanish dramatist Federico Garc a Lorca Commentators have often grouped it with Blood Wedding and Yerma as a rural trilogy Lorca did not include it in his plan for a trilogy of the Spanish land which remained unfinished at the time of his murder.Upon her second husband s death, domineering matriarch Bernarda Alba imposes an eight year mourning period on her household in accordance with her family tradition Bernarda has five daughters, aged between 20 and 39, whom she has controlled inexorably and prohibited from any form of relationship The mourning period further isolates them and tension mounts within the household After a mourning ritual at the family home, eldest daughter Angustias enters, having been absent while the guests were there Bernarda fumes, assuming she had been listening to the men s conversation on the patio Angustias inherited a large sum of money from her father, Bernarda s first husband, but Bernarda s second husband has left only small sums to his four daughters Angustias wealth attracts a young, attractive suitor from the village, Pepe el Romano Her sisters are jealous, believing that it s unfair that plain, sickly Angustias should receive both the majority of the inheritance and the freedom to marry and escape their suffocating home environment Youngest sister Adela, stricken with sudden spirit and jubilation after her father s funeral, defies her mother s orders and dons a green dress instead of remaining in mourning black Her brief taste of youthful joy suddenly shatters when she discovers that Angustias will be marrying Pepe Poncia, Bernarda s maid, advises Adela to bide her time Angustias will probably die delivering her first child Distressed, Adela threatens to run into the streets in her green dress, but her sisters manage to stop her Suddenly they see Pepe coming down the street She stays behind while her sisters rush to get a look, until a maid hints that she could get a better look from her bedroom window As Poncia and Bernarda discuss the daughters inheritances upstairs, Bernarda sees Angustias wearing makeup Appalled that Angustias would defy her orders to remain in a state of mourning, Bernarda violently scrubs the makeup off her face The other daughters enter, followed by Bernarda s elderly mother, Maria Josefa, who is usually locked away in her room Maria Josefa announces that she wants to get married she also warns Bernarda that she ll turn her daughters hearts to dust if they cannot be free Bernarda forces her back into her room It turns out that Adela and Pepe are having a secret affair Adela becomes increasingly volatile, defying her mother and quarreling with her sisters, particularly Martirio, who reveals her own feelings for Pepe Adela shows the most horror when the family hears the latest gossip about how the townspeople recently tortured a young woman who had delivered and killed an illegitimate baby Tension explodes as family members confront one another and Bernarda pursues Pepe with a gun A gunshot is heard outside Martirio and Bernarda return and imply that Pepe has been killed Adela flees into another room With Adela out of earshot, Martirio tells everyone else that Pepe actually fled on his pony Bernarda remarks that as a woman she can t be blamed for poor aim A shot is heard, immediately she calls for Adela, who has locked herself into a room When Adela doesn t respond, Bernarda and Poncia force the door open Soon Poncia s shriek is heard She returns with her hands clasped around her neck and warns the family not to enter the room Adela, not knowing that Pepe survived, has hanged herself The closing lines of the play show Bernarda characteristically preoccupied with the family s reputation She insists that Adela has died a virgin and demands that this be made known to the whole town The text implies that Adela and Pepe had an affair Bernarda s moral code and pride keep this from registering No one is to cry 1976 1384 91 9646475701 20 1388 103 978964643419509 Book Review4 out of 5 stars to La casa de Bernarda Alba, a play written in 1936 but published in 1945 by Federico Garc a Lorca after his death I adore this play for so many reasons Originally written in Spanish, I read this as part of a course on literature as part of an English degree I read it in English and watched two versions afterwards, and I will definitely say reading it in Spanish was truly the best experience The other great thing about this work is the ability to cover 5 different daughters, each with a unique personality, need and desire during their mourning period La Mama will not let them do anything but sit in proper attire but we all know that children do not listen to their mothers at various points in their life Everyone needs to read this play simply to understand the beauty that is Lorca All the plays deal with family and generational issues, gender and sexual revolutions or sorts so much could be said about what Lorca was revealing from his own life This is the kind of play that makes you love foreign or multi cultural literature and stories I remember being wow d by the ability to convey such beauty in a way that I hadn t ever experienced, when it comes to another culture I may have only been 18 or 19 at the time but it was quite profound That said, it s a play It s not that lengthy And it s not a life changer as far as coming to terms with something you are thinking about It s a wonderful cross section of a culture, a time and a family who show you an alternate way of livingAbout MeFor those new to me or my reviews here s the scoop I read A LOT I write A LOT And now I blog A LOT First the book review goes on Goodreads, and then I send it on over to my WordPress blog at where you ll also find TV Film reviews, the revealing and introspective 365 Daily Challenge and lots of blogging about places I ve visited all over the world And you can find all my social media profiles to get the details on the who what when where and my pictures Leave a comment and let me know what you think Vote in the poll and ratings Thanks for stopping by. This is the second of Lorca s rural trilogy I have read, and if anything I liked it even than Bodas de Sangre In form and theme the two are quite similar Like a Greek tragedy, the plot is simplicity itself, with one obvious conflict and one calamitous resolution Again, Lorca s power as a dramatist comes, not from subtlety or wit, but from pure passion The incompatibility between traditional values and human impulses, with all its tragic implications, is laid bare by Lorca, who shows us a culture whose religious s and gender norms oppress women and deprive them of a fulfilling life Strikingly, the cast of characters is entirely female, even though the conflict revolves around a male who is always offstage This allows Lorca to focus on a side of life that was often swept aside, while maintaining an atmosphere of tension and constraint that makes the play so riveting I am excited for Yerma.