[PDF / Epub] ✅ What the Buddha Taught By Walpola Rahula – Cheapnikeshoes.co

I wish I had read this book several years ago, when my interest in Buddhism was reignited and I began to study it seriously While I have read a few good books and resources that outlined Buddhist practice and belief, none have encompassed quite so much in such a tight and direct manner I think also that this book could have corrected some confusion and misunderstandings that took a while for me to get through It is probably the best book for beginners I have encountered, though the approach is probably detailed and scholarly than some would prefer Since I often take a scholarly approach to my spirituality, it does hold strong appeal for me personally.The main selling point of this particular book is that Rahula works from the closest to firsthand sources we have in Buddhism Also, while this book is than 50 years old, the English translations are relatively new, still contemporary to the ones widely used today Buddhism and Eastern religion in general have always suffered misunderstandings and confusion in a Western context, in large part due to the translations available prior to the 20th century Rahula works to clarify the language and correct some misconceptions, something that is unbelievably helpful for those of us still trying to figure this stuff out All that makes this an excellent resource for beginners, those still exploring Buddhism like me , and also those studying comparative religions looking to learn than just basics.A lot of the information in this book was not new for me and just helped to reiterate confirm some gained knowledge By culling bits from the Dhammapada and Suttas, Rahula also helps guide you through some overwhelming and highly repetitive walls of text, directing you to the important bits that helps expand on the basics Thinking back to this aspect actually makes me want to purchase a copy of this book, just to have that guide available when I need it So excellent in that respect as well.As much as I love this book, I m not quite up to 5 stars Mainly because its focus is scholarly, all about principles and less about practice Rahula s also not much of a poetic writer and, yes, has a tendency towards pedantry in the way that a very erudite person can be Still, the book does what it says on the cover and I haven t yet found another book that so strongly and concisely gets to the point in covering the basics without all the confusion. . This Indispensable Volume Is A Lucid And Faithful Account Of The Buddha S Teachings For Years, Says The Journal Of The Buddhist Society, The Newcomer To Buddhism Has Lacked A Simple And Reliable Introduction To The Complexities Of The Subject Dr Rahula S What The Buddha Taught Fills The Need As Only Could Be Done By One Having A Firm Grasp Of The Vast Material To Be Sifted It Is A Model Of What A Book Should Be That Is Addressed First Of All To The Educated And Intelligent Reader Authoritative And Clear, Logical And Sober, This Study Is As Comprehensive As It Is Masterly This Edition Contains A Selection Of Illustrative Texts From The Suttas And The Dhammapada Specially Translated By The Author , Sixteen Illustrations, And A Bibliography, Glossary And Index This book, assigned for a class entitled Introduction to Eastern Religions at Grinnell College, was influential, along with Coomaraswamy s Buddha and the Gospel of Buddhism, in first shaping my sense of what that religion was all about Maintaining, as I recall, that the oldest Pali texts and the Theravada tradition were, if anything, practical and antimetaphysical as opposed, say, to later Mahayana tendencies, these books disposed me favorably to Buddhism in its supposedly original formulation Concurrently, again in this class, I was also learning to appreciate some forms of the Japanese appropriation of the teachings, particularly Rinzi and Soto Zen schools of thought.Now, having had years of subsequent study of other religious traditions, I am suspicious of such interpretations and of my own credulous disposition It s much like the assumption that Jesus held to values evocative of one s own highest ideals With Jesus, as with the biblical traditions as a whole, I know a lot than I do about Buddhism or any other religion for that matter enough to know that I don t know and probably cannot know what Jesus himself believed and taught I can make educated estimates based on the evidence and qualified by a healthy caution in the recognition that I will ever tend to impose my own values and worldview on the past, but they are ultimately untestable hypotheses By extension, and knowing that the earliest Pali texts were neither written by the Buddha himself or even during his lifetime, I am now suspicious of such attractive formulations as that afforded by this author. Quy n n y m nh c b n g c ti ng Anh What the Buddha taught r i quay sang c b n d ch ti ng Vi t c a s c Th ch N Tr H i Review d i t m t t n i dung c l t m th i cho v o k ho ch m i n m l n th nh t, c n gi th m nh ch mu n n i l n u ai quan t m n c t t y c a t t ng Ph t h c th c l n n b t u v i quy n n y ho c Ph t h c tinh hoa c a Nguy n Duy C n Kh ng ph i t nhi n m c C n g n nh d ch to n b ch ng m t c a cu n n y l m t i li u vi t ch ng hai cho s ch c a c N u c th n a th n n c b n g c ti ng Anh Kh ng ph i m nh ch b n d ch ti ng Vi t nh ng v i nh ng s ch v tri t h c t t ng m nh lu n th y s logic li n k t r r ng h n khi c b ng ti ng Anh so v i ti ng Vi t S ch vi t r t m ch l c, c ng s c t nh, v c bi t ph n t ch r t tinh t nh ng kh a c nh kh ng d ti p thu c a tri t h c Ph t gi o, c bi t l s th t v kh dukkha c a T Di u Theo t c gi th d ch dukkha l kh suffering l c ch d ch d d i, kh ng ho n to n ch nh x c, v c th g y hi u nh m Dukkha trong ti ng Pali c d ng b i kinh Ph t bao h m ngh a kh suffering th ng th ng nh ng c n c c c h m s u s c h n nh kh ng to n v n imperfection , kh ng tr ng t n impermanent , tr ng r ng emptiness , hay mong manh kh ng th c ch t insubstantiality D a v o m t c gi ph n t ch k t lu n r ng o Ph t kh ng h bi quan v l n tr nh cu c s ng nh nhi u ng i quan ni m M t i u n a l t c gi g n nh lu n c g ng ch ng minh cho c c lu n i m c a m nh b ng nh ng t i li u c x a nh t c th t m th y trong kinh T ng Pali, t o i u ki n cho c gi ti p x c v i c c gi o l c cho l tr c ti p truy n d y t ch nh c Ph t.Ngo i ra th m nh mu n copy ra y m t o n h i tho i l m m nh c m ng, c nh c n trong s ch gi a c Ph t v ng i h c tr t n t y Anan , khi c Ph t s p nh p di t M t cu c h i tho i r t i th ng, kh ng c s ph n t ch o l hay tri t l si u h nh n o nh ng bi t u c th c n c ngh a h n g p v n l n c c gi o l L c y c Ph t ang ngh t i m t khu l ng g i l Behuva, ba th ng tr c khi Ng i m t B y gi Ng i 80 tu i, v ang l m b nh n ng Nh ng Ng i ngh kh ng n n ch t m kh ng t gi nh ng m n v n g n g i y u m n Ng i B i th , m t c ch can m, qu quy t, Ng i ch u ng t t c au n, v t qua c n b nh, v b nh ph c Nh ng s c kh e Ng i c n k m M t ng y kia khi Ng i ng i trong b ng m t ch Ng i l u tr th A Nan, v th gi t n t y nh t c a Ph t, ti n n b c o s qu m n c a m nh, ng i b n c nh Ng i v b ch B ch Th t n, con s n s c s c kh e Th t n, con h u h Ng i trong khi Ng i l m b nh Nh ng khi th y b nh t nh c a Ng i, b u tr i i v i con tr n n m m t, v c c gi c quan c a con kh ng c n s ng su t n a Tuy nhi n con c n m t i u an i nh n y con ngh r ng Th t n s kh ng nh p Ni t b n m kh ng l i nh ng l i di gi o c p n o n th T ng gi.Khi y c Ph t y t bi v nh n i, khoan h a n i v i ng i th gi t n t y th n y u A Nan, o n th T ng gi c n ch i g n i Ta n a Ta n i ph p Ch n l kh ng ph n bi t cao th p V ph ng di n ch n l , Nh Lai kh ng c g nh n m tay kh p ch t c a m t ng th y cariya mutthi D nhi n, h i A Nan, n u c m t ng i n o ngh r ng h mu n l nh o T ng gi , v T ng gi ph i t y thu c v o h , th ng i y h y t ra nh ng i u ch d n Nh ng Nh lai kh ng c ngh y V y th sao Nh lai ph i l u l i nh ng l i ch d n thu c v t ch c T ng gi Nay Ta gi r i, A Nan, 80 tu i Nh m t chi c xe c c n ph i s a ch a m i ch y c, c ng th , th n x c c a Nh lai b y gi c ng ch c th c ti p t c nh s a ch a B i th , n y A Nan, h y t l m n i n ng c y cho ch nh m nh, h y l y ch nh m nh m kh ng ph i ai kh c l m n i tr n, h y l y Ph p l m n i n ng t a, l y Ph p l m n i tr n, v kh ng m t ai kh c c th l m n i tr n cho ng i. This is the only worthwhile book on Buddhism I ve come across Other books I ve read wallow in touchy feely mumbo jumbo Rahula is straight forward, treating Buddhism not as witchcraft or God s thoughts, but as the best devised way of proceeding through this veil He lays Buddhism out clearly simply, making a sober cogent argument for what it has to offer. Finished Reading What the Buddha Taught Original English Version I read the Chinese version of Ven Walpola Rahula s What the Buddha Taught for several times I have to say the translation is just perfect, by a Taiwan based Chinese Buddhist scholar, Mr Gu Fa Yan Today I just finished reading the book in its original English version for the first time Nothing is like the original I don t know in this case, cuz it s been really tough to me It was written in a scholastic British style Too many words I haven t seen before are there along with some usage I m not familiar with Reading the Chinese translation may give a Chinese reader , IMHO, if he is familiar with those common Buddhist terms.Maybe I should read it one time in the future Maybe, but not now, cuz I have a long bibliography to spend time with.It s worth to mention that this book What the Buddha Taught has helped me so much in understanding Buddhadharma, since Year 2001 when I obtained the Chinese version from a colleague who, a Taiwanese Chinese, is a devoted Theravada Buddhist and believes only Theravada Buddhism is authentic This kind of folks tend to look at things in a scholastic way One of things he said was given the resemblance of religious signs, images and status on two sides of the Himalayas, Tibetan Buddhism just copied from Hinduism That is too bold an opinion which I would never agree upon Buddhism has a single aim removing suffering Whatever can help reach that goal is considered Buddhism, even if it appears anti Buddhist superficially, let alone a Buddhist school like Mahayana and Vajrayana who follow Buddha s path.Mahayana needs Therevada, and Vajrayana needs both Mahayana and Theravada There s NO ONE SINGLE Vajrayana practitioner who doesn t consider himself a Mahayanist Therefore, everything carried and taught by Theravada is honored by Vajrayana Buddhists Actually, when asked where to start in learning Buddhism by a Chinese disciple, my root guru Dzongsar Jamyang Khyentse Rinpoche referred to Theravada He did so when that student didn t feel quite connected to Pure Land, the popular and predominant Mahayana school in China.This book, written by a learned and reputable Sri Lankan master who spent many years studying and doing research in Western world, has served as one of my Buddhist bibles Each time a friend showed me his her interest in learning Buddhism, I recommended it to him her People with higher education background just can t feel contented by the Pure land way of chanting Amitabha as the major practice They want to and are able to learn.Buddhism is not a religion It s a philosophy It doesn t promote any superstition, but talks truth and way leading to ultimate truth Bhante Walpola Rahula s book of this introduces readers the core values of Buddhism in a way that suits those educated people It reveals the true face of Buddhism As a Theravada monk, he has successfully avoided putting too much mythology into the book, making it a book of rationality and reasoning.I was so happy to know that my guru Dzongsar Khyentse Rinpoche included this book in this bibliography for his students I believe EACH Buddhist MUST read this book.Some introduction about the Chinese translator Gu Fa Yan He is a colleague of prominent Chinese Buddhist scholar Dr Chang Cheng Chi , in Buddhist Translation Society founded by Mr Chang The society has translated quite some Buddhist works published in the West from original English version to Chinese Actually Dr Chang wrote the preface for the Chinese version of What the Buddha Taught. Invitation Complications orWho is the Best Spokesperson for a Religion Who can write about a religion best An insider or an outsider Obviously it takes a lifetime s learning to understand the religion, just to get a feel for it It might even need a lifetime s practice , and it could very well be that the first innocent impulses can only be absorbed at a very young age like a language, a religion is also a mode of expression Then surely the insider is the one best placed to introduce others to this sacred mystery Rahula has tried in this little book to address himself to the general reader interested in knowing what the Buddha actually taught This is done by adhering to a faithful and accurate presentation of the actual words used by the Buddha as they are to be found in the original Pali texts of the Tipitaka, universally accepted by scholars as the earliest extant records of the teachings of the Buddha Almost all the material Rahula commands so effortlessly are taken directly from these originals That way it must be admitted that only a scholar of his stature could have brought us so close to the original teachings.However, Rahula s book comes off as slightly evangelizing and despite all the cool wisdom as occasionally irritating in its complete confidence and conviction that Buddhism is the best in the worldA non evangelical introduction invitation should only be an invitation to come visit and appreciate the ancient house, not to come and reside In that case, the real purpose of such a book would have to be to show the relevance of one religion to another, to the modern world and to show how its philosophy can make a difference to the visitor s life even if he exits the next day not entirely convinced of the package deal He She should still be able to carry something away What that something is has to be judged by the author That is the only question in such an introductory welcoming sermon The rest can be kept for later, if the guest decides to stay awhile.Now to return to our problem Can an insider do this After all, the insider is as much an alien to other religions as the visitor is to his own So how can he write for the visitor How can he inhabit his viewpoint and judge what would suit him best Could it be that the one best placed to understand the house is not so well suited to understand the visitor So a Christian reader would need a christian author to interpret Buddhism for him A 21st century reader would need a 21st century guide Who else can understand the reader as well And in any case, since we are going down this road, who can understand both the ancient house and the modern visitor I think the best compromise would be to allow the welcome sermon to be delivered by a scholar outside the tradition, but steeped in it One who has stayed in the house long enough to feel at home there This is why every age needs to reinterpret its holy texts and greatest works Every age and culture needs its own representatives to walk into those monuments, spend a while there and then walk out with a welcome sermon, which in turn would be relevant enough to his own culture s or age s readers Only then would they take the trouble to go visit too And maybe stay awhile. Everyone should read this at least once if they re even remotely interested in Buddhism The first few chapters contain a straightforward introduction to Buddhism that s neither preachy nor touchy feely While it s not exactly straight from the horse s mouth because Buddha s teachings are still coming through a translator, I felt the principles of the book were as raw as one could get it without personally sitting under a bodhi tree with Buddha himself.Originally, I was going to give this book 4 stars because I found some contradictions and inconsistencies But then I realized it s an issue I have with philosophy itself and not with how the book is written or what the author is trying to explain I expected this book to answer a couple of questions I had about what happened after death, and if everyone really does have a soul short answers rebirth, and no, there s no such thing as a soul While it did answer those questions, the book also opened a treasure trove of other questions that I don t even know where to begin seeking answers from.I read this book after my cousin s death Even though I vaguely believed in rebirth before, the way the book explained death and reincarnation did make me feel better about it.Thanks to this book, my mind is full of questions like If there is no soul or no self what or who exactly is taking the Eightfold path If there s no self then what do you call this collection of experiences, senses, and ideas that gets reincarnated If there s no reincarnation after nirvana is realized, then isn t the world population going to get smaller and smaller, since birth isn t creating something new and is just recycling something else for a new cycle If Buddhism is all about living in the present with no regrets of the past or worries about the future, then aren t all slackers excellent buddhists I was surprised that my least favorite chapter was the one about applying buddhist practice to ordinary life for normal people who don t want to live in isolation from modern society I expected it to be helpful than it was, but I found a lot what I thought were contradictions between it and buddhist philosophy I guess I ll need to re read that part again.